Frequently Asked Questions About Manic Depression


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Manic depression is a name previously used to refer to bipolar disorder. It is a type of mood disorder or major depressive disorder that presents with hypomanic and manic episodes. Bipolar disorder is considered a serious condition. The manic episodes involve sleeplessness up to days, psychosis, paranoia, delusions of grandeur, and hallucinations. Additionally, depressive bouts can be more debilitating and more difficult to manage than those who never experience mania or hypomania.

Bipolar disorder is a compound mental illness that tends to originate from a mixture of hereditary and non-hereditary factors. The mood attacks related to it involve mania (high energy and intense excitement) or clinical depression with bouts of normal mood energy and mood between attacks. The level of mood episodes can vary from slight to very severe, and they can occur slowly or abruptly within a time period of days or even weeks.

When distinct mood attacks occur four or more times a year, this is known as rapid cycling. Rapid cycling must not be mistaken for recurrent moment-to-moment alterations in mood, which can occasionally happen to individuals with bipolar disorder or other illnesses like a borderline personality disorder.

Along with depressive or manic disorders, people with bipolar disorder may experience instabilities in cognition. They may also suffer from distorted perception and impaired social functioning.

Below are some frequently asked questions and their answers about bipolar disorder and other forms of severe depression.


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What is the most reliable symptom of depression?

Feeling helpless or hopeless about life is the most reliable symptom of depression. Other emotions may include self-hate, inappropriate guilt, or worthlessness.

What percentage of students have symptoms of depression?

Approximately 20% of the teen population gets depressed before they go into adulthood. On the other hand, 10% to 15% experience signs and symptoms at any given time. Finally, 30% of teens that are depressed are getting treatment for their condition.

What is the cause of a feeling of depression in human beings?

Most probably, depression is a result of a blend of biological, psychological, genetic, and environmental factors, as per the NIMH. Specific medical diseases may also cause depression, including cancer, prolonged pain, an underactive thyroid, and heart disease.

Is confusion a symptom of depression?

Depression has been associated with memory problems, like confusion and forgetfulness. It could also make it hard to concentrate on work and other activities, difficult to think clearly and make proper decisions. Anxiety and stress can cause poor memory as well. Additionally, depression is linked to a lack of short-term memory.

What are the 5 signs of mental illness?

The primary signs of mental health illness include:

• Severe mood changes
• Extreme worry, anxiety, or paranoia
• Significant modifications in sleeping or eating
• Social withdrawal
• Longstanding irritability or sadness

What are the signs of a mental breakdown?

Warning signs of mental breakdown are as follows:

• Anxiety accompanied by muscle tension, dizziness, high blood pressure, sweaty hands, shaking or
trembling, and upset stomach
• Depression symptoms like self-harm or suicidal ideations and hopelessness
• Hallucinations
• Severe mood changes or unexplained rage
• Insomnia

What is a psychotic break?

A psychotic break implies the initial onset of psychotic indications for someone or the abrupt onset of psychotic symptoms following a stage of remission. Symptoms include visual and auditory nightmares, paranoia, and delusional beliefs and thoughts.

Do you cry during a mental breakdown?

Yes, crying is one of the many things you could be when you have a mental breakdown. Other feelings accompany this include helplessness, fear, uncontrollable rage, burnout, emotional outbursts, and detachment.

What are the first signs of going crazy?

The initial warnings signs of insanity include:

• Severely low or high moods
• Confused thoughts
• Longstanding irritability and sadness
• Significant changes in sleeping and eating habits
• Social withdrawal
• Extreme anxiety, worry, or fear
• Strong feelings of rage
• Hallucinations or delusions

How do I know if I’m bipolar?

Bipolar disorder is a type of mental disorder that is characterized by severe mood changes from high to low then from low to high. The highs are times of mania, while the lows are times of depression. The mood swings might become complicated so that you may feel euphoric and despondent both at one time.

What does psychosis feel like?

Psychosis comprises a gamut of symptoms, but it commonly entails one of two major events – hallucinations are feeling, hearing, or seeing things that are not actually present, like hearing voices.

What triggers psychosis?

HIV, strokes, traumatic brain injury, brain tumors, and some nervous system conditions like Alzheimer’s, dementia, and Parkinson’s disease may result in psychosis. Additionally, psychosis indicates an illness such as bipolar disorder, depression, schizophrenia, or schizoaffective disorder.

What are psychotic thoughts?

Psychosis is described as a distraction to an individual’s perceptions and thoughts that make it hard for him to identify what is real from what is not. These distractions are frequently experienced as believing, hearing, and seeing things that are not actually there or having bizarre, intruding thoughts, emotions, and behaviors.

What should you not say when someone is psychotic?

Individuals diagnosed with psychosis or those who have just experienced a psychotic episode may have difficulty understanding complex languages such as metaphors, sarcasm, and exaggerations. It would be best to talk in short and concise sentences during this stage, not to disappoint or confuse the person.


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If your child or any of your loved ones suffers from serious mood alterations, behavior, or depression problems, consult with your doctor or a mental health professional who specializes in dealing with the specific illness. Behavior and mood issues secondary to bipolar disorder or other mental health disorders can ultimately cause major difficulties. Early intervention can help prevent life-threatening consequences and reduce the effect of mental health problems on your child or loved one.

Additionally, your doctor may want to discuss with other family members to see if they can recognize periods when your loved one was excited or over-energized. As excitement may feel great or even normal compared to depression, it is frequently difficult for someone with bipolar disorder to know if his mood was exaggerated. Mania often impacts judgment, social behavior, and thinking in ways that may lead to grave problems and severe embarrassment for the person concerned. For instance, irresponsible financial or business decisions may be made when they are in their manic period. Hence, early diagnosis and an efficient treatment plan are vital with bipolar disorder and other more severe forms of depression.